Animals

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Asiatic Black Bear
Science Name: Selenarctos Thibetanus

General Characteristics: They are a large bear, the length of their bodies is around 120 to 150 centimetres, their tails are 6.5 to 10
centimetres long and they weigh about 100 to 160 kilograms.They have rough, black fur all over the bodies. They have a “V” shape
under their necks, have big ears and the end of their noses are quite black. They walk on their heels; have long and sharp claws,
a long mouth and short ears. The ends of their feet are white or yellow. Their sense of sight and hearing is not so good but their
sense of smell is very good.

Habitat/Food: They are found in east and west Asia in Japan, Taiwan, Hainan, Tibet, Nepal, Burma and Thailand. In Thailand they
can be found in the tropical rain forests. They eat anything such as fruit, young leaves, small animals, and insects and especially
like honey and infant bees.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to live in forests and mountains. They are nocturnal animals who sleep in the hollows of the trees or in
caves during the day. They can climb trees and are very good swimmers. They are aggressive and usually solitary animals but
sometimes stay in groups of 2 to 3 bears. They like to fight but are scared of humans. When they are injured or in a dangerous
situation they will fight to the death. They have a gestation period of 7 to 8 months and they produce 1 to 2 cubs per birth. They like to
give birth in the hollows of trees or in caves. The mother will look after her cubs until she nearly gives birth to new ones.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thailand wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla
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Malayan Sun Bear
Science Name: Helarctos malayanus

General Characteristics: They are a small sized bear. Their body length is about 100 to 140 centimetres, their tails are 3 to 7 centimetres
long and they weigh around 27 to 65 kilograms. They ears are round and small. They have short, thin fur and are black in colour. They
have a yellow “U” shape under their necks, which will change to white later in life; they are white or light brown in colour on their faces from
their eyes down until the end of their noses.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Burma, Indochina, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, and south China. In Thailand they can be found
in the south. They like to eat anything such as plants, fruit, young leaves, small animals, insects, earth worms, coconuts and especially
like honey.

Behaviour/Mating: Usually they look for food during the night but sometimes they come out during the day as well. They usually stay in
couples in dense forests. They don’t like to live in mountains. They are more aggressive than Asiatic Black Bear and have a short temper.
They are better at climbing than the Asiatic Black Bear and sleep in trees or in very high hollows of trees but don’t like to sleep on the
ground. Sometimes they make a noise like a dog bark. They have a gestation period of 95 to 96 days, produce 1 to 2 cubs per birth and
can live for up to 20 years.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thailand wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo.
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Binturong(Bear Cat)
Science Name: Arctictis Binturong

General Characteristics: Binturongs are similar to bears with long, hard and rough black fur. Their faces are similar to bears. Binturongs
are not the same species as bears but are the same as the Civet. However Binturongs are larger and move more slowly. They have long
tails which they can use to catch the branches of the trees instead of using their hands.

Habitat/Food: They are found in India, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. In Thailand they can be found in
the south. They like to eat fruit and small animals such as rats, squirrels and birds, even worms and insects.

Behaviour/Mating:They are nocturnal animals who sleep high in the trees during the day. They come out to look for food alone and like to
look for food in the trees more than on the ground.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Giraffe
Science Name: Giraffa camelopardali

General Characteristics: They are the tallest of all land living animals and they have the longest neck. Males are about 18
feet in height and weigh about 900 to 1,932 kg. Females are 17 feet in height and weigh about 700 to 1,182 kg. Both sexes
have horns with fur on them which do not change and re-grow like deer. Their skin has short brown fur with white patterns.
They have a long tongue and mouth, they use their lips and tongues to roll leaves into their mouth and have 4 breasts.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Africa, in Savannah, south of the Sahara desert and between Nigeria and the Orange River.
They like to eat leaves more than grass.

Behaviour/Mating:They like to live in groups and mix with other animals like Zebras, Ostriches and Antelopes and look out for
all of them. Males only fight during the mating season. The most dangerous animals to Giraffes are Leopards and Lions.
They protect themselves by using their heads and kicking. They are of mating age at around three and a half years old.
They have a gestation period of 420 to 468 days and they produce one young per birth. They stop breast feeding after about
10 months; they are on heat every 14 days for about 24 hours each time. They live up to 20 to 30 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Oriental Small-clawed Otter
Science Name: Aonyx Cinerea

General Characteristics: They are small in size, have a fat body and are strong. Their upper bodies are brown-grey
and their lower bodies are lighter in colour. They are white under their chins and down their chests. Their claws
are short, curved but not sharp. They have small webs in between their toes, hard tails and small ears. Their fur
has relatively short hairs and is fine, dense and velvety.

Habitat/Food: They are found in China, Burma, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, India, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam,
Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and the Philippines. They like to eat fish, shell fish and crabs but sometimes come
inland for small animals and insects as well.

Behaviour/Mating:They like water and are a good swimmer which is why they like to live in streams, swamps and
canals. They move their tail up and down to make them swim very fast. They like to be in groups but during the mating
season stay in couples. They mate in the water and produce one young per birth.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo.
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Lutra Perspicillata
Science Name: Lutrogale Perspicillata

General Characteristics: Their fur is short, smooth and shiny. Their tails are flat. The hairs above their noses are straight.
Their mouth, cheeks, lower neck and upper chest are a yellow-white colour. Their upper body is dark brown and their
lower body and stomach are lighter in colour and may be brown or grey. Their tail is longer than half of their body and
head together and they have large, pale feet.

Habitat/Food: They are found in mid India, Nepal, Sikkim, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Sumatra
and Borneo. They like to eat fish.

Behaviour/Mating:They live in steams, swamps, canals, freshwater wetlands and other shallow levels of water. Inland
they are quite slow. They are frequently found in a group and hunt in groups too, herding schools of fish together for
easier feeding. Their mating season is at the beginning of the year. They have a gestation period of about 63 days.
Otter cubs open their eyes after about 10 days and stop breast feeding at about 3 months old. They reach maturity at
about three years old and have their first gestation at about four years old.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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White Rhinoceros
Science Name: Ceratotherium Simum

General Characteristics:White Rhinoceros are the biggest land mammals apart from the Elephant. Their length
from their head to their rear is 3.6 to 5 metres, their shoulder height is about 1.6 to 2 metres and they normally
weigh around 2.3 to 3.6 tons. Their skin colour is yellow-brown or grey and they don’t have any hair on their bodies
apart from on the tips of their ears and tail. Their horns are usually 0.6 metres long but some are up to 1.50 metres.
Their upper lips are where the trunk lies on the elephant. Their ears are longer and thinner at the ends than Black
Rhinoceros; their foreheads are flatter and more curved.

Habitat/Food: They are found in South Africa from Zululand up to Kruger Park, South Sudan, Uganda and areas
around Congo. White Rhinoceros populations are reducing in large amounts even though they are protected.
They like to eat grasses and small bushes more than leaves.

Behaviour/Mating:They are less aggressive than Black Rhinoceros. They like to stay in groups of couples or small
families with 3 to 4 members. Often many families stick together while looking for food. They can have up to 18 members
in a group. There is only one male in a group, the rest are females and babies. White Rhinoceros spread over a larger
area to look for food then Black Rhinoceros. They mark their territory with excrement and urine. Females with young only
allow males to come close when they are in heat, after intercourse the female will chase the male away from them.
Sometimes this can lead to the death of the male or the baby with the female.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Reticulated Python
Science Name: Python reticulates

General Characteristics:They are the biggest and longest snakes in the world. They have a large mouth, sharp teeth and a very strong jaw.
They have circular patterns which are a variety of colours. They have a large black arrow head pattern on their head ending at the mouth
and their underbelly is white.

Habitat/Food: They are found everywhere in Thailand, Burma, Malaysia and Singapore. They like to eat all kinds of animals (barking deer,
dogs, rabbits, rats, chickens, ducks, birds and sometimes fish).

Behaviour/Mating:They are nocturnal animals that hunt both on land and in water and move quite slowly. They live in dark and cold places
like holes in the ground and the hollows of trees. After they have eaten they rest for many days until their next feeding. Mating is similar to
the Bivitattus Python (Burmese Python) except the egg hatching period which is 3 months. Hatchlings are at least 55 cm long.

Current Status:They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo and Korat Zoo.
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Bivitattus Python (Burmese Python)
Science Name: Python Molurus Bivitattus

General Characteristics:One of the largest Pythons, their body is fat and their tail is not as long as the Reticulated Pythons.
Also its colours and patterns are clearly different from the Reticulated Pythons. They have a white line continuing up from
the body and ending at the tip of their nose. The nose is featured with a white arrowhead.

Habitat/Food: They are found almost everywhere in Thailand expect in the South next to Malaysia. They like to eat a variety
of animals like rabbits, rats, ducks, chicken, birds and barking deer.

Behaviour/Mating:They move very slowly and are not aggressive or poisonous. They do not like to live in the trees. They like
to look for food near to where they live, just trapping animals which come close to them. They don’t like to look for food in
the water. Females lay about 40 eggs which have a hatching period of about 2 months. They live for up to 15 years.

Current Status:They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo and Korat Zoo.
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Barbary sheep
Science Name: Ovis Canadensis

General Characteristics:They are native to rocky mountains. Their body length is about 1.3 to 1.9 metres and their tails are about 25
centimetres long. They are found in Africa. They have long fur along their necks to their chest and on their upper front legs. Both
sexes have big horns.

Habitat/Food: They are found along the coast of the Atlantic up to the Red Sea in the north of Africa. They like to eat grasses, bushes
and lichens. They are able to obtain all of their moisture from food, but if liquid water is available they drink it and wallow in it.

Behaviour/Mating:Barbary sheep live in families with a couple of adults and their offspring. They avoid their enemies by camouflage
with their fur colour (light brown) which is the same colour and appearance of sand. They are hunted by humans for their meat, skin,
fur and ligaments. They produce about 1 to 2 young once a year.

Current Status:They are a protected animal of the Wild Animal of CITES level App.II

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo. We got our Barbary sheep from the Czech Republic on 4 November 2003.






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Asiatic Golden Cat
Science Name: Profelis Temmincki

General Characteristics:They are slender, quite tall and large like a typical Thai dog and have long legs. Their fur is a red-brown
colour without any patterns or spots on it but they have 2 to 3 black lines on their foreheads. They don’t have any white spots on
the back of their ears. The top of their tails are dark brown and the tip is white. They always hold their tails up in the air when they
walk.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim, the South of China, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, Malaysia and Sumatra.
In Thailand they can be found in primary or deciduous forests, especially on the edge of the forests in the West down along the
border with Burma down to the south. They eat small animals such as rabbits, small deer, peacocks, lizards, ducks and chickens.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to live in forests or forest openings. Usually they stay on the ground, and don’t really like to stay in
the trees but can climb trees when necessary. They are aggressive when they are in dangerous situations but can also be kept
as pets. They can reproduce after 2 years of age. They have a gestation period of 95 days, produce 1 to 2 cubs per birth and live
for up to 18 years.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Clouded Leopard
Science Name: Neofelis Nebulosa

General Characteristics: They have brown – green bodies with patterns shaped like clouds. The inside of their ears are light in colour
and the outsides are darker with white spots on the back of the ears. Their foreheads are spotted and their tails are spotted, big and
very long. They have short legs with large feet.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Nepal, the East of Sikkim until the south of China, Taiwan, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo and
Sumatra. They can be found all over Thailand. They like to eat small animals such as snakes, birds, monkeys, langurs and the babies
of large animals.

Behaviour/Mating: They prefer to stay and eat in the trees rather than on the ground. They like to sleep in the trees which is convenient
for hunting at night. They usually hunt by jumping on to animals from the trees. They stay in couples for help when hunting. They are of
reproductive age after 2 to 3 years. They have a gestation period of around 90 to 95 days and they produce 2 to 4 cubs per birth. The
cubs stop feeding from their mother’s milk after 5 months and live for up to 17 years.

Current Status:They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Guar
Science Name: Bos Gaurus

General Characteristics: Guars are similar to cows. They are dark brown in colour, apart from their legs which are white, making
them appear to be wearing socks. Guars have a high convex ridge on their foreheads which is grey or yellow in colour. The
middle of their backs is quite high and both sexes have horns growing from the sides of their heads, curving upwards. The colour
of their horns is a shade of pale yellow, but the tips are black. They are quite smelly.

Habitat/Food: They like to live in rain forests far away from meadows and mountains. Usually they are not so dangerous apart from
when they are injured or during the mating season. They stay together in groups for most of the time. They don’t like to stay in
muddy places like buffalos. They can mate all year round but mainly do so during November and December. They have a gestation
period of about 9 months, they produce one young per birth and live for around 25 to 30 years.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo.
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Commom Zebra (Burchell’s Zebra)
Science Name: Equus Burchellii

General Characteristics: They are social animals. They have black and white stripes and each zebra’s patterns are unique.
They like to live in open fields. They are found mostly in Africa, south of the Sahara.

Habitat/Food: They like to live in open, grassy fields and stay in herds. Their herds can number as many as a hundred or even
more than a thousand. They like to nibble grass and live around other animals such as Giraffes, Ostrich and Antelope. They
often have birds standing on their backs eating the insects around them. These birds help the Zebras know when danger is
approaching by flying away. Other animals like the Ostrich and Giraffes also act as a warning of danger. This helps because
Zebras do not have good vision; however they have a very good sense of smell and good hearing. They have sharp teeth.
They are found in the open areas of Africa, south of the Sahara. They like to eat grasses and seeds.

Behaviour/Mating:They are of mating age at about 2 years old, they have a gestation period of about 345 to 390 days and they
produce one young per birth. They live for up to 25 to 30 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Cotton-top Tamarin
Science Name: Saguinus Oedipus

General Characteristics: They have a white body with black tails.

Habitat/Food: They are found in the North-West of Columbia. The size of the area where they will look for food is about 25 acres;
they like to eat insects, spiders, tree frogs, lizards, bird eggs, fruit and treetops.

Behaviour/Mating:They are awake during the day. They like to be in herds of about 2-13 animals. They have a gestation period
of about 140 to 145 days. They produce 1 to 2 young with newborns weighing about 45 grams. After about 2 to 3 months the
mother starts weaning them off milk. There are of adult age at about 16 to 20 months. They can live for about 10 years.

Current Status: This species is critically endangered because their habitat has been destroyed.

Visiting Location:-
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Common Marmoset
Science Name: Callithrix Jacchus

General Characteristics: they live together in family groups of 2 to 13 animals. They use their smells to mark their territories.
They produce the smell from a gland in their chests and stomachs.

Habitat/Food: They like to eat pollens, flowers, small animals and tree sap or gum.

Behaviour/Mating:They mark their territories with their smell. They produce the smell from a gland in their chests and stomachs.
They communicate with facial expressions. They produce 10 young per birth and they live for up to 7 to 20 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -.
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Northern White-cheeked Gibbon
Science Name: Nomascus Leucogenys

General Characteristics:All infants are born with cream coloured fur, when they are about 6 to 8 months old their fur
will change to black. They develop white patches on their cheeks when they are about 6 to 7 years old. Upon reaching
sexual maturity, males stay black with white cheeks but the females turn back to the original cream colour. They can
stand up with straight legs, unlike other gibbons that have bent knees, Males vocal calls have short intervals and can
be sustained for a long time but females make a different sound.

Habitat/Food: -

Behaviour/Mating:They reach sexual maturity at 7 to 8 years old. They have a gestation period of about 8 months and
they produce one young per birth. Females wean infants off milk when they reach 4 to 7 months old. They will stay with
their mother until 2 years old. They live for up to 30 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -.
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Siamang
Science Name: Symphalangus Syndactylus

General Characteristics: Siamangs are the same family as gibbons. They only live in the forests of Malaysia. They have
a throat pouch which allows them to make very loud calls or songs. Their size and colour is the same for both sexes and
also their arms are the longest of the gibbons’ species.

Habitat/Food: -

Behaviour/Mating: Males always look after the infants until they can help themselves which is not the same as other Gibbons
where females look after the young.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Pileated Gibbon
Science Name: Hylobates Pileatus

General Characteristics: Males are a black colour and females are a white cream, however all infants are white cream. When they are
about 4 to 6 months old the fur on their chest changes into a black triangle, the tip of the triangle leading down to the belly, and the
fur on the head changes into a black circle. When they are about 3 to 4 years old, males turn into a black colour apart from their
eyebrows, testicles, backs of their hands, backs of their feet and often their shaggy head of hair. Adult females’ fur does not change.
Their chest and head are a black colour which gives them the appearance of wearing an apron and a crown.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Laos and Cambodia, west of the Mekong River, also in the east of Thailand in places like Surin, Buryrum,
Trat and Koh Yai(National park).

Behaviour/Mating:Their behaviour and mating is the same as other gibbons but they are quite aggressive upon reaching maturity.
They reach sexual maturity at 7 to 8 years of age. They have a gestation period of around 240 days and they produce one young per birth.

Current Status:They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, and Songkhla Zoo.
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Pygmy Marmoset
Science Name: Cebuella Pygmaea

General Characteristics:They are the smallest marmoset. Their body length ranges from 12 to 15 centimetres; they have a tail
length of 17 to 23 centimetres and weigh about 100 to 120 grams. They have a tawny coat, and a brown ringed tail.

Habitat/Food: They like to stay in groups and look out for each other. They feed on high trees.

Behaviour/Mating:They live for about 10 years and are old enough for mating at about 18 to 24 months old. They have a
gestation period of about 140 days and produce 1 to 2 young per birth but sometimes can have 3. Newborns weigh about 15
grams and stop breast feeding after around 2 months. They are prey for small wild cats, birds of prey and some types of snake.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -






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Red-handed Tamarin
Science Name: Saguinus Midas

General Characteristics: They live in cooperative groups of 2 to 6 members. They are mostly found in the north east of South America.
They look for food during the day over an area of around 10 hectares.

Habitat/Food: Their body measures about 20.5 to 28 centimetres long, their tail about 31.5 to 44centimetres long and weigh around
400 to 550 grams. They have a black body except for their lower arms, hands and feet which are orange-red. They like to eat insects,
spiders, fruit, treetops, flowers, young leaves, lizards and bird eggs.

Behaviour/Mating: They have a gestation period of about 140 to 145 days and they produce 1 to 2 young per birth. Newborns weigh
about 45 grams and stop breast feeding after about 2 to 3 months. They are of adult age after 16 to 20 months and live for up to 10 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Squirrel Monkey
Science Name: Saimiri Sciurea

General Characteristics: They are small monkeys, the same size as Tamarins. The length from their heads to the end of their tails
is about 12 inches/foot. Their tails are longer than their bodies, measuring about 16 inches long. They have a black ring of skin
around their nose and mouth. Their faces are pink or pale in colour which give them the appearance of wearing a mask. Their eyes
are brown black. They have short grey-brown hair like squirrels. The top of their head is darker in colour, the hairs from their chest to
under their tails are yellowish and their arms and feet are orange-yellow, which looks beautiful. Their tails are similar to squirrels except
they have black at the end. Their hands are the same as humans with 5 fingers, however their fingers are longer. The average weight
for adults is no more than 1 kilogram.

Habitat/Food: They are found in the south of Africa. They like to eat fruit, some flowers, baby birds, lizards, bird eggs, frogs and a variety
of insects.

Behaviour/Mating: They usually stay in groups of about 20 to 30 members. They like to jump all the time with their 4 legs, so when you
see them from a far distance they look like a squirrel. They move about by jumping from one branch to another and they don’t like to walk
on the ground. They like to sleep high in the trees, on a branch but not on the ground or in the hollows of trees.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Capuchin
Science Name: Cebus Capucinus

General Characteristics: They have fluffy hair on top of their heads and they can use their tails to carry things.

Habitat/Food: They are found in the south of Africa. They look for food during the day time and like to
stay in groups. They like to eat fruit, the tops of trees and insects.

Behaviour/Mating: They are of adult age at about 3 to 4 years old. They have a gestation period of around 153 to 161 days.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo.
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Slow Loris
Science Name: Nycticebus Coucang

General Characteristics: Their bodies are quite small in size and they have short, thick fur. They have a brown line running from their
heads along down the middle of their backs. They have a short face, big round eyes and very small ears which are nearly hidden by
their fur and they don’t have a tail. Also they don’t have thumbs and their second toes have nails, shaped like hooks for hanging on
to branches while they catch insects for food. They are very slow but they bite very quickly.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Thailand, Indochina, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Boneo, and Mindanao. They like to eat insects, small
animals, bird eggs and fruit.

Behaviour/Mating:They are nocturnal animals. They stay on their own apart from when they are carrying small infants with them. During
the day time they hide their faces from the sun with leaves or by staying in the hollows of trees. They are at reproductive age after 2 years.
Their mating season is about 5 to 6 months long, during which they mate about every 37 to 45 days. They have a gestation period of
193 days and they produce one young per birth about twice a year. Their young stay with their mother until they are nearly the same size,
when they will separate after about 6 to 9 months. They have been known to live up to 10 years.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Zoo and Korat Zoo.
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Common Brown Lemur
Science Name: Eulemur Fulvus

General Characteristics: They are the same family as monkeys. Their bodies are similar to cats, squirrels and monkeys. Their body length
is around 43 to 50 centimetres, and they weigh about 2.1 to 4.2 kilograms. They have big eyes and their noses are long, sticking outwards
from their faces. They have soft fur on their upper bodies. Their tails are a grey-brown colour and their lower bodies are a cream colour.
Their cheeks and whiskers are white and their noses and foreheads are black. Females are lighter than males. They use their hands and feet
for hanging, they have large thumbs and the tips of their fingers have flat nails. Their legs are longer than their arms and their tails are
longer than their bodies. They usually move around using both their hands and feet.

Habitat/Food: They like to stay in a group, usually made up of around 3 to 12 members. Sometimes females head the groups. They like to
stay in the trees and they make a loud noise while they move around. They like to eat fruit, leaves and insects.

Behaviour/Mating:They can reproduce after 2 years of age. Newborns will hang on to the front of their mothers. They have a gestation period
of about 120 to 136 days and they produce one young per birth.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:-
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Silvered Langur
Science Name: Presbytis cristatus

General Characteristics: The fur on their back is dark grey but the tips are white which makes the fur appear silver. Their chest,
stomach and legs are light grey. The hair on the top of their head is black and tipped upwards. The hairs on their face are long
and grow out sideways. Their face, hands and feet are dark grey. They have no white in their eyes. They have thin lips. Their
groin and thighs are white. Newborns will have white fur around the back of their hands, feet and body. They weigh about 6.8
kilograms, their length is about 493 to 570 millimetres and their tail is about 725-840 millimetres long.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia. They are common to the rain
forests of Thailand. They like to eat leaves, new plants buds and insects.

Behaviour/Mating:They are found in thick forests or tropical rain forests, and stay high in the trees, their groups range from about
10 to 40 animals in number. When they get old, they are solitary and like to stay alone. They look for food during day and spend
most of their time in the trees. The adult male protects his group and territory from competing males, communicating his dominance
to other males via vocalizations and fighting. Mating starts from about 3 to 4 years of age. They have a gestation period of about 196
days and produce one young per birth.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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Ostrich
Science Name: Struthio Camelus

General Characteristics: They are the biggest bird in the world. There are 6 different species of ostrich, each species are defined by their
sizes and the colour of their skins. Their average height is 2.5 metres and they weigh about 160 kilograms. They have small wings but
cannot fly; their legs are quite big and strong and have two toes on each foot. They can run very fast, up to about 64 kilometres an hour.
They have a long neck. Males have black feathers everywhere apart from the end of their wings and their tails which are white. Both sexes
have feathers around their body, wings and tails but their heads, necks and legs are almost bare. Females are brown.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Africa, mostly from Senegal to Ethiopia. They eat insects, grasses, leaves, some fruit and some seeds.

Behaviour/Mating:They like to live in large open fields in a group, attaching themselves to groups of Zebras and Giraffes. This is because
they like to eat the insects that live on them. They also eat the small reptiles that are frightened from safety by the Zebras and Giraffes
grazing in the grass. They protect themselves by kicking and are alert all the time, meaning they are very good at avoiding predators.
One male can control many females.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Burmese Brow-Antlered Deer (Eld’s Deer)
Science Name: Cervus Eldi Thamin

General Characteristics:This animal is called “Thamin” in Burmese. Their body colours are darker, and the branches of their antlers
are shorter than the Thai species. Their antlers don’t grow upwards but tend to grow outwards and then inwards with one branch
growing towards the front of their heads.

Habitat/Food: They are found in north-east India, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Hainan in China. Their food is
similar to a cows and buffalos; usually they like to eat grass and varieties of fruit from around open fields or open woods. They don’t
like to eat leaves so much.

Behaviour/Mating:In the wild Eld’s Deer like to be in a large herd. In the past up to 50 members in a herd were recorded but
nowadays their environment has changed and their population has declined dramatically. Therefore they are only found in small
herds or on their own. They like to stay in dry dipterocarp forests, open forests or fields near water. During hot days they like to stay
in the shade of trees. Large stags, like buffalos like to stay in mud to keep cool. Normally Eld’s Deer don’t stay in dense forests, stags
especially so because of their antlers. This is maybe why they aren’t seen around the South of Thailand and Malaysia. In the wild
their mating season is during February to April. In the zoo their mating season is not the same, mostly during November to June.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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Bivitattus Python (Burmese Python)
Science Name: Phoenicopterus ruber

General Characteristics:They are very beautiful birds. Their neck and legs are long and have a body size of about 100 centimetres
in length. They are pink in colour with black wings, pink bills and the tips of their wings are black. During the mating season their
colour will be brighter than normal. Females are smaller and their colour is lighter as well. They use their bill the same way a whale
filters plankton in its mouth and spits out the excess water.

Habitat/Food: They are native to land around Europe up until Asia, around the Mediterranean Ocean, Africa and North-West India.
They like to eat fish, small living things in the water such as shrimp, water plants and seaweeds.

Behaviour/Mating:They like to stay in big groups around lakes or swamps. Their mating season is during winter when they lay their eggs
on the ground along the coast. Their nests are a mound of mud about 15 to 18 inches is in height where they lay one egg a time.
Both sexes incubate the eggs which have a hatching period about 28 to 32 days.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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Emu
Science Name: Dromaius Novaehollandiae

General Characteristics: They are a large bird, 5 to 6 feet in height and 150 pounds in weight. Their feathers are similar to hair.
They cannot fly like normal birds. They don’t have a ridge bone on top of their heads. The feathers on their bodies are brown.
Both sexes have the same features but males are bigger than females.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Australia apart from around the coast. They like to eat fruit, seeds and insects.

Behaviour/Mating: Emus run very fast at about 30 miles per hour, they are also good swimmers. They feed in groups, apart from
during their mating period when they stay together in couples. They are tame animals. They start to mate at about 2 years old.
They lay about 7 to 10 eggs, which are greenish and have a hatching period of about 59 to 61 days.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.






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Long-billed Corella
Science Name: Cacatua Tenuirostris

General Characteristics: They have a reddish-pink face and forehead and have a long pale beak, which is used to dig
for roots and seeds. Both males and females have the same appearance.

Habitat/Food: They can be trained to speak and are used to contact with humans. They typically dig for roots, seeds,
corms and bulbs, especially from weed onion grass.

Behaviour/Mating: They have a hatching period of 24 days.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Sulphur-crested Cockatoo
Science Name: Cacatua

General Characteristics: They have a total length of around 50 centimetres. Their body colour is all white. Males typically
have almost brown eyes with a reddish ring around them, which can be seen more clearly than on the females. Their
expressive yellow crest varies in size from small to large.

Habitat/Food: They are native to New Guinea, Tasmania, King Island and Moluccas Island and the North and East of Australia.
This Cockatoo has 4 different species. They are beautiful birds that like to eat on the ground and stay together most of the time.
They live in large open fields, sparse forests and farming areas. They like to eat seeds, leaves, plants, vegetables and fruit. They
can also dig for roots and seeds underground.

Behaviour/Mating: They are very noisy and like to play and sometimes point their crest upwards. Their mating season is from
August to November when they make a nest for their eggs in the hollows of trees, they lay about 3 to 5 eggs each time which
have a hatching period of about 30 days.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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Red avadavat/Red Munia/Strawberry Finch
Science Name: Amandava Amandava

General Characteristics: They are small and have a red beak and rump. They have white spots all over their brown wings
and their body. During their breeding period, the head, neck, chest, stomach and rump of males change into a reddish
colour. They like to live in fields and stay in small flocks.

Habitat/Food: They make their nests from grass and both sexes incubate their eggs. They like to eat seeds, plants, grain or
hayseeds. Normally they like to eat hayseeds in areas with thick grass.

Behaviour/Mating: They can mate all year round. They lay 3 to 5 eggs each time which have a hatching period of around
13 days. They can fly about 14 days after hatching.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Blue- fronted parrot / Amezon parrot
Science Name: Amazona Amazonica

General Characteristics: They are predominantly green apart from their heads which are yellow. Their body length is
about 35 to 40 centimetres long. Their legs are grey. Their bills are grey mixed with orange. Their eyes are orange
apart from their young who have black eyes. They are classified into 9 different types. They make their nests in the
hollows of trees or on the ground.

Habitat/Food: They like to eat seeds, fruit, nuts, pollen, mushrooms, berries, corns and sunflower seeds.

Behaviour/Mating: During the breeding season they will mate many times in a day. They have wings that hang down
the same as ducks.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992

Visiting Location: -
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Emerald Dove
Science Name: Chalcophaps Indica

General Characteristics: They are about 25 centimetres long. Their backs are emerald green and have two white lines
running across near the base of their wings. Males and females are different. Males have a white patch on the edge
of their shoulders with a grey crown and females are a lighter colour with a brown crown.

Habitat/Food: They are found around Asia in India, Islands of the India Ocean, China, Taiwan, Philippines, Indochina
and also everywhere in Thailand apart from central areas. They like to eat seeds and some insects such as wood worms.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to live in rain forests and fly low. They are often searching for seeds or fruit on the ground
on their own and make very gentle sounds. Their mating season is from January to February. Their nests are made from
small twigs in the bushes or in bamboo trees. Females lay about 2 to 3 eggs.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo and Chiang Mai Zoo.
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Red-billed Toucan
Science Name: Ramphastos Tucanus

General Characteristics: They have a large red bill with yellow on the upper part. The bare skin around their
eyes is blue and their bill is yellow.

Habitat/Food: They like to live on the edge of tropical rain forests, staying on the high branches of trees. In the
wild, their nests are made in the hollows of trees.

Behaviour/Mating: -

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Collared Aracari
Science Name: Pteroglssus Torgustus

General Characteristics :They have quite a large bill and are very colourful, and have a short tail and wings. Males
and females are the same except males’ bills are longer and thinner than females. Their upper bodies are black or
greenish and their rump is reddish. They have a brown and reddish coloured line across the back of their necks, and
a red ring around their necks. Their chests and stomachs are yellow with a red or black-red line across it giving the
appearance of wearing a belt. Their eyes are yellow and their legs and feet are grey.

Habitat/Food: They are found between Mexico and Argentina. They like to eat lizards, fruit, small animals and insects.

Behaviour/Mating: -

Current Status: They like to stay in the hollows of trees. They are typically seen in small groups. Usually they are cheerful
birds who move around between the branches of trees making noises. They like to play around, pushing or throwing each
other down from the branches. They stay in high trees and do not like to come down to the ground. They feed early in the
morning. They make their nests from scraps of wood. Females lay eggs in the hollows, 2 to 4 at a time. Both sexes
incubate the eggs for about 40 to 50 minutes each. After hatching they do not have any feathers, have red skin, short bills
and their lower bills are longer than their upper bills. They will open their eyes after about 3 weeks. Their parents feed
them directly to their mouths. Their feathers grow very slowly, taking many months to come out in full.

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Zoo.
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Toco toucan
Science Name: Ramphastos Toco

General Characteristics: They are beautiful birds especially when in flight. The length of their body is about 55 centimetres.
They have a large bill which takes up half of the size of their bodies; however their bills are light in weight. They don’t have
any features around their bills. They have long vision, short wings, and walk poorly because their first and fourth toes are not
on the back of their feet.

Habitat/Food: They use the tip of their bill to carry their food and throw it into their mouths.

Behaviour/Mating: They build their nests in dead trees by making a hole.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -.
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Greater Bird-of-paradise
Science Name: Paradisaea Apoda

General Characteristics: Their size is about 35 centimetres. Their heads and chests are a light brown colour, the back
of their necks are yellow and they have a yellow crown on top of their heads. Females are the same colour but brighter
than males and do not have any yellow colour. Their chests and under their tails are similar to males but lighter in
colour. The under part of their wings and tails are also similar to males but are again brighter in colour. The streaks on
their backs are shorter and narrower than males and they don’t have the males’ feathers at the end of their tails.

Habitat/Food: They like to eat a variety of fruit from high trees, small leaves and insects such as ladybirds or beetles.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to live on the small hills around mountains that have a plentiful supply of food. Females
stay in groups but the males are solitary.


Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Cinereous Vulture (Black Vulture, European Black Vulture)
Science Name: Aegypius Monachus

General Characteristics: They are large birds with a body length of about 102 to 104 centimetres. Males and females look
the same, black all over their bodies. The area from their heads down to their necks is mostly skin with not many feathers,
but they have quite a lot around their necks. Their claws are white and their young have a light brown lower body.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Siberia, China and India. There are not originally from Thailand but they migrate here
during the winter. They like to eat any animal corpses.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to live in open areas and stay in a group. Normally they fly around in circles in the air and look
for food during the day time. Their mating season is around March to April. They make their nests in high trees in
mountainous areas. Their nests are large and made from twigs. They lay their eggs one at time but have never been recorded
making nests for their eggs in Thailand.

Current Status: They only migrate to Thailand outside of their mating season and are nearly extinct with not many left. They
used to be found in the north east and south of Thailand. They are a protected animal of the Thailand wildlife Protection
Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.






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Grey Heron
Science Name: Ardea Cinerea

General Characteristics: Grey Herons are the same family as Bitterns. They are large birds with a size of about 96 to 120 centimetres.
Males and females are similar. They have long shaped bills and necks and have long legs. The feathers around their head and neck
areas are light grey, almost white. They have black feathers beginning at their eyes going down the back of their necks which look like
two plaits. On the side of their neck are black feathers going down to their chest which are very clear to see. The tips of their wings are
black and they have yellowish eyes.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Africa, Europe, India, Indochina and they immigrate to Thailand during their mating period. Also they
can be seen around large water resources in Thailand but not as much like in the protected wildlife area of Beungboraped in Nakonsawan
province and the protected wildlife area of Talaynoi at Pattalung province. They eat shrimp, fish and frogs from swamps and lakes.
They are always moving around their habitat looking for food.

Behaviour/Mating: They are a solitary animal. They feed in shallow water and move very slowly because they don’t want to scare away
their prey which they catch by pecking very quickly. They feed early morning and in the evening. Their mating period is during the rainy
season when they stay in a couple. Both sexes make the nest by taking small twigs from other kinds of bird nests.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Painted Stork
Science Name: Mycteria Leucocephala

General Characteristics: They are a large water bird, their height whilst standing is about 90 centimetres. Their body is
whitish with stripes running across the under wing, lined with a greenish gloss and spotted pink colour. They have a black
band along their chest. The feathers on the wings and tails are black. Their bill and face are yellowish in colour and their legs
are brown, almost red. The downy young are mainly light brown with black necks and do not have the band across their chest.

Habitat/Food: They are found in the wetlands of India, East and South China, Burma, Thailand, Indochina until Malaya. They
feed in small groups in wetlands looking for small fish, crabs and frogs.

Behaviour/Mating: They feed mainly on small fish which they sense by touch whilst slowly sweeping their half open bill from
side to side whilst submerged in water. They walk slowly, disturbing the water with their feet to flush out fish or they will open
their wings stooping down with an open bill until their prey gets close and then immediately use the base of their bill to crush
and swallow them.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Indian Peafowl
Science Name: Pavo Cristatus

General Characteristics: Their features and size are the same as the Thai Peafowl. They differ only on their heads; the Thai
Peafowl has a tuft while the Indian Peafowl have a line of feathers like a fan. Thai Peafowl are iridescent green while Indian
Peafowl are iridescent blue with a white patch from their nose to their eyes.

Habitat/Food: They are found in India and Sri Lanka. They like to eat seeds, plants, fruit, insects and some reptiles.

Behaviour/Mating: They live in rain forests in groups. Males like to have a lawn for spreading their train, and always keep their
lawn very clean. They are very aware and have very good vision so are difficult to get close to because they will fly away. They
are good at flying and like to sleep in high places and make their calls in the morning and evening. Indian Peafowl are not
aggressive and have a good memory about where they live. They lay around 5 to 8 eggs each time which have a hatching period
of about 28 days.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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Southern Cassowary
Science Name: Casuarius casuarius

General Characteristics: They are large birds and cannot fly. They are 100 centimetres in height and weigh about 85 kilograms.
They have very strong short legs. They have feathers all over their body which are similar to hair unlike the plumage of typical
birds, to help protect against thorns from bushes. They have no tail and very small wings. They have a ridged bone on their head
which you can see very clearly. Their heads and necks are red, blue and purple and they have yellow skin. Their feet have 3 toes
which is different from Ostriches (Ostrich have only 2 toes.) Both sexes have black feathers but females are bigger than males.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Australia and the Islands around Australia. They like to eat fruit, seeds, insects and very small
animals. They can run fast at about 45 km per hour and can swim as well.

Behaviour/Mating: They are very reticent, alert birds. Usually they are solitary except during the mating season when they will stay
in couples. They feed in the evening or the early morning. They are easily aggravated and like to fight. They fight by kicking until
their opponent gets a bad wound from their claws. During the mating season they make nests for the eggs on the ground by digging
a shallow hole and placing leaves inside. They lay about 3 to 6 green eggs which are incubated by the male. They have a hatching
period of about 49 to 56 days. Their chicks have a lined pattern along the body. Both parents look after the chicks.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai, Korat Zoo.
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Mallard
Science Name: Anas platyrhynchos

General Characteristics: Males have bright green heads and white ring lines around their necks, their chests are red-brown
in colour and their upper body is grey-light brown, they have a black rear end and the tip of their tails are white. Their under
parts are lighter than their upper. Their bills are yellow and they have orange legs. Females have brown stripes on their legs
and black stripes across their eyes. Their wings are a shiny blue, their bills are brown with a yellow-orange rim and the tips of
their tails are lighter than at the base.

Habitat/Food: They are found in North America, Europe, North Africa and Asia. They have also been introduced to New
Zealand. They like to eat paddy rice, grains, fish, shellfish and frogs.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to live around wetland especially lakes, swamps and ponds. They stay in groups of 40 to 50 ducks
and often mix with other water birds. They feed at night so during the day time they just swim and play around in the shallow
water where their live. There are no reported cases of them making nests or laying eggs in Thailand.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo.
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Mute Swan
Science Name: Cygnus Olors

General Characteristics: They are nearly the same size as black swans but are white in colour. They have an orange- yellow
bill with black skin around it. Their necks are shaped like an “S” when they swim. They are very beautiful birds which is why
you can see them in the parks and zoos all around the world.

Habitat/Food: They can be found in every part of Asia, Europe and America. They like to stay in groups and eat water plants
and small aquatic animals in large water resources.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to stay in large fresh and salt water resources, lakes, rivers and ponds. Usually they stay in small
groups. Their call sounds like a trumpet; they like to make their calls in the evening or during brightly moonlit nights whilst
flying. They lay around 5 to 6 eggs which are a white-green colour and have a hatching period of around 34 to 37 days.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo and Chiang Mai Zoo.
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Black Swan
Science Name: Selenarctos Thibetanus

General Characteristics :Males have grey-black coloured feathers apart from their flight feathers which are white.
Their eyes are red, their bills are bright red with a pale bar and tip and their legs are black. Female Black Swans are
the same as males only they are smaller and have shorter necks.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Tasmania and islands around Australia. They like to eat water plants, baby shrimps,
and baby fish.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to live in large water resources, in either salt or fresh water lakes, rivers and swamps. They
are usually found in small groups. Their call sounds like a trumpet and they make their calls during the evening or moonlit
nights when there are a lot of flies. They lay 5 to 6 eggs each time. Their eggs are a greenish-white colour which they incubate
for about 34 to 37 days.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Red Vented Cockatoo
Science Name: Pelecanus philippensis

General Characteristics: They are about 31 centimetres long. They are predominantly white with yellow under their flight
feathers and have a yellow curved crest. Their under tail feathers are red. Their beaks are grey colour. Often they stay
together looking for food, they make nests during the mating season from May to June and their eggs have a hatching
period of about 24 days.

Habitat/Food: They are found in the Philippine islands include Palawan in the Sulu Ocean. They like to eat fruit, nuts,
seeds and berries.

Behaviour/Mating: -

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -.
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African Grey Parrot
Science Name: Psittacus Erithacus Erithacus

General Characteristics: They are about 33 centimetres (113 inches) in size and about 390 grams in weight. Their feathers are
grey apart from the tail which is red. The area around their cheeks and eyes are white. Males are bigger than females by about
1 inch, their heads are wider and flatter and they are a darker grey.

Habitat/Food: -

Behaviour/Mating: They are an intelligent bird. They can copy human speech and are tame. Their mating season varies. They
lay around 3 to 4 eggs each time which have a hatching period of around 21 to 30 days. Chicks will come out from their nest
after about 10 weeks.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo
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Black Cockatoo/Palm Cockatoo
Science Name: Probosciger Sterrimus Goliath

General Characteristics: Black Cockatoo males and females are different in colour. Males are dark brown-black. The feathers
under their necks have green tips and are yellow around their ears. Their bills are grey and they have brown legs and eyes.
Females are the same apart from their ears which are lighter. Their tail feathers have yellow patches and their eyelids are grey.

Habitat/Food: They like to live 1300 metres high in dense forests in New Guinea. They like to be alone, in a couple or in a
small group. They like to eat seeds and fruit.

Behaviour/Mating: Their mating season is in August. They like to lay their eggs in the hollows of the trees. They have a hatching
period of about 30 days.

Current Status: -

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo..






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Prevost’s Squirrel
Science Name: Callosciurus Prevostii

General Characteristics: The length of these squirrels from head to body is about 25 centimetres. Their tail is 27 centimetres long.
They are the largest squirrel in the Callosciurus family and are dark in colour. Their head, backs and tail are black. Sometimes
their tails are dark brown or brown mixed with light grey.

Habitat/Food: They are found in the rain forests of the Malayan Peninsula and are difficult to find.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to live between the middle and upper parts of trees.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Finlayson’s Squirre
Science Name: Callosciurus Finlaysonii

General Characteristics: They have a body length of 21.5 centimetres and their tails are 22.5 to 24 centimetres long.
These squirrels are a medium size. They come in many different colours, some are pure white, red or black, others are
black and white and some even grey and red. Many have a red-brown or dark brown colour on their heads, backs and
tails. Their sides vary in brown-green, red-brown or orange-brown colours and some have dark brown stomachs.

Habitat/Food: They are found in many types of forest in the South of Thailand..

Behaviour/Mating: They live in the trees.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Black Giant squirrel่
Science Name: Ratufa Bicolour

General Characteristics: They are a large squirrel. Their upper bodies are dark brown and their under parts are cream or orange.
They have big, black, bushy tails and long black whiskers; they have curved claws which are very sharp. Females have three pairs
of breasts.

Habitat/Food: They are difficult to see because they like to live high in trees of rain forests. They like to make a noise when they
see something. They are a solitary animal apart from during the mating season.

Behaviour/Mating: They are at mating age after around 2 years. They have a gestation period of 28 days and they produce 1 or 2
young per birth. Their nests are made from twigs and dry leaves on the top of high trees and they stay in their nests even if they do
not have any young. Usually they have many nests and how long they stay in them depends on how easily they can get food. They
have been known to live for more than 10 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Iguana
Science Name: Iguana iguana

General Characteristics: Iguanas are a genus of lizard which has a dewlap, a row of spines running down their back to their tail.
Their necks are made up of small scales which resemble spikes, known as tuberculate scales. Males are bigger and have a larger
dewlap than females.

Habitat/Food: They live in Central America and South America. Green Iguanas eat insects and vegetables.

Behaviour/Mating:They like to live in tropical forests, climbing in trees, bushes or on logs. They are very fast climbers and
sometimes go into the water. Young Iguanas only eat insects and adults eat vegetables. Green Iguanas lay up to 20 or 40 eggs at
one time which have a hatching period of about 10 to 15 weeks.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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Mara
Science Name: Dolichotis Patagonum

General Characteristics: Their faces and ears are similar to rabbits but their bodies are the same as dogs or small deer.
Their bodies are about 70 to 75 centimetres long and their tails around 4 to 5 centimetres long. The fur on their bodies
is brown, on the stomach red mixed with white and around the rump area white. Their rear legs are longer than their
front legs and they have four toes on their front feet and three toes on their rear feet. They have quite large ears.

Habitat/Food: They are found in grasslands and pampas in Middle and South Argentina. They like to eat grasses, plants,
roots and barks.

Behaviour/Mating:They have a gestation period of around 90 to 93 days. Newborns weigh about 400 to 450 grams. They
stop feeding from their mother after 2 to 3 months. They are of reproductive age from 1 to 5 years old and have been known
to live for around 10 to 15 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo.
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Marbled Cat
Science Name: Pardofelis Marmorata

General Characteristics: They are grouped as small tigers. They are from the Felidae family of the species because they cannot
make a noise like Bengal tigers, leopards and black tigers. They are slightly larger than a house cat and their fur is patterned with
blotches and bands like marble. Thai Marbled Cats have a body length of 35 to 45 centimetres, a 47.5 to 55 centimetre tail and
11.5-12 centimetre back legs and weigh about 2 to 5 kilograms.

Habitat/Food: They are only found in Asia in the Himalaya in Nepal, Sikkim, Assam, Thailand, Indochina, Malaysia, Sumatra and
Borneo. Unfortunately they are nearly extinct. In Thailand they can be found in Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries
in U-Thaithani province. They like to eat small animals such as insects, lizards, geckos, snakes, birds, squirrels and rabbits.

Behaviour/Mating: They are difficult to see in the wild because they are very good at hiding in the over growth of the rain forest.
They are good at climbing trees. Usually they like to look for food on the ground near to a source of water. They don’t like to stay
high in the trees like the Clouded Leopard do. They feed at night and are more aggressive than most other kinds of cats. They
like to stalk their victims on the ground quietly, again unlike the Clouded Leopard who likes to lurk in the trees.

Current Status: They are not used to humans and like to live deep inside rain forests, away from humans. They are a quite aggressive
animal which is the main reason they get killed, although they are very beautiful and nearly extinct so many zoos want them.

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Korat Zoo..
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Arabian Camel
Science Name: Camelus Dromedrius

General Characteristics :Arabian Camels have long heads, long necks and one hump. They have very long eyes lashes
. They have some muscles in their noses which can open and close to protect them from the dust from the desert. They
are red-grey or light brown in colour. They collect fat in their humps. Their height is about 2 metres and they weigh about
600 kilograms.

Habitat/Food: They are found in the deserts of north to middle of Africa. They like to eat grasses and leaves.

Behaviour/Mating: They can go for many days without drinking water. Nowadays they are mainly used for carrying and transporting
loads. They have a gestation period of 13 months and they produce one young per birth, which they give birth to while standing up.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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Hippopotamus
Science Name: Hippopotamus Amphibus

General Characteristics: Hippopotamus are large and round shaped animals with large mouths, their lower teeth are an
important weapon for them. Their skin is thick and slimy and they only have hair around their mouths and tails. Their
sweat is a red colour like blood.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Africa, Uganda, the north of Zululand, Tanzania, Kenya and Senekal. They eat grasses,
water plants and fruit.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to stay in a group. Usually they stay in the water but come on to land during the night to find
food. They can handle the winter well and like to stay still in water which has a gentle current. Normally they are not aggressive
apart from during the mating season when the males are fighting when hurt, scared of something or if the female has just given
birth. They are very good at diving and can walk under water. They have a gestation period of about 227 to 240 days and they
produce one young per birth. They feed their baby under water, the mother stops giving milk after about 4 to 8 months and they
can live for up to 40 to 45 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Pygmy Hippopotamus
Science Name: Hexaprotodon liberiensis

General Characteristics: They are one metre in height and around 160 to 180 kilograms in weight. Their backs slope forward
and their buttocks slope down. Pygmy Hippopotamus heads are rounder than those of normal Hippopotamus. Their eyes are
on the sides of their head. They don’t have much hair, almost none, with a small number on their lips and tail. Local people
make whips from their skin. Their meat tastes like wild boar.

Habitat/Food: They are found in western Africa from Sierra Leone until Nigeria. They like to eat grasses, bananas and sweet
potatoes.

Behaviour/Mating: They are solitary animals but sometimes stay in couples. They like to stay in sources of water like ponds in
dense forests and come onto land at night. They usually walk and look for food in the same place. When they are scared or
panic they like to hide in thick bushes rather than run back into the water. They have a gestation period of around 190 to 210
days. Newborns weigh around 3 to 4.5 kilograms and can live for up to 35 years.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Korat Zoo.
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Spot-billed Pelican
Science Name: Pelecanus philippensis

General Characteristics: They are large water birds. Males and females are similar but males are bigger. They are about 140 cm long.
Their bill is long and flat. Their pouch is purplish with a line of blue spots that are also present on the rim and the upper part of their
bill. They have short brown legs and in between their 4 toes, they have a web for swimming. They keep their necks tucked in on top of
their shoulders whilst flying. Their bodies are light grey apart from around their eyes which are white.

Habitat/Food: They can be found around water resources, and the coast of Central and South Thailand, also in the Indo-Pacific, India,
Burma, Indochina and Java. They eat fish and amphibians from the water.

Behaviour/Mating: They stay in flocks all the time (while hunting for food and living in the nest). They catch fish in their huge bill
pouches, using it like a dip-net. They make their nests in the trees. They lay about 1 to 5 eggs which have a hatching period of around 30
days and are incubated by both sexes.

Current Status: They are very rare and are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992

Current Status: -

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.






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Fishing Cat
Science Name: Prionailurus Viverrinus

General Characteristics:They look like a pet cat but are larger. Fishing Cats have short faces, short legs, round ears and tails which
are shorter than half their bodies. Their fur is brown-grey in colour and they have short brown – black stripe patterns on their bodies.

Habitat/Food: Fishing Cats are found in Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra and Java. In Thailand they can be
found in forests near wetlands or streams. They like to eat insects and small animals such as crabs, frogs, birds, rats, shellfish and
especially fish.

Behaviour/Mating:They like to live in bushes around wetlands. They feed around the water by catching fish in shallow areas. They
can swim and dive. They are of reproductive age after about 2 years. They have a gestation period of 63 days and they produce
2 to 3 cubs per birth. They stop taking their mother’s milk after 6 months and can live for up to 20 years.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Act in 1992.

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo.
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Spotted Hyena
Science Name: Crocuta Crocuta

General Characteristics:They are larger in size than Thai dogs; they are the same size as the Assassin. When adults they have a height
of 85 centimetres and weigh around 80 kilograms. In the world there are 3 kinds of Hyena but this is a Spotted Hyena, which is found a
lot in the middle and the south of Africa. The other 2 kinds are nearly instinct.

Habitat/Food: They like to take food from leopards, cheetahs and lions. They are not scared of any animals, whether the other animal
is alone or in a group. They are the same species as tigers, not dogs.

Behaviour/Mating: They like to stay in a group with a female as leader. Their groups have about 5 members but sometimes more.
Females are about 10% larger than males and have a sex organ which looks similar to that of the males. They mark their territory with
urine, faeces or by making calls. Hyenas are powerful hunters and they can hunt large prey. They have a gestation period of about
110 days.

Current Status: -

Visiting Location: -
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Dhole
Science Name: Cuon Alpines

General Characteristics: Dholes are a kind of dog. They have quite long red-brown bodies and white cheeks. Their chins,
necks and chests are a white-yellow colour. They have small ears and their tails look beautiful. Their smell is not as strong
as the Jackals. Females have 12 to 14 breasts. This animal is nearly extinct.

Habitat/Food: They are found in South Asia until Indonesia. In Thailand they can be found in all parts but mostly in the
South and West. They eat small animals and fruit.

Behaviour/Mating: Dholes like to stay in groups and help each other to hunt for animals such as deer and small animals.
If they can’t find any of these animals they can also hunt tigers, bears and gaur. Their bark and howl is the same as a
house dogs. They reach reproductive age at 2 months old. They produce 4 to 6 cubs per birth but can sometimes have
11 cubs. They can live for up to 15 years.

Current Status:They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo.
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Asiatic Jackal (Golden Jackal)
Science Name: Canis aureus

General Characteristics: They are a medium size dog similar to typical Thai dogs. Their fur is a yellowish-brown, they have
light striped patterns on their rumps, big ears, short bunch tails and they are very smelly.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Assam, Nepal and Burma. In Thailand they can be found in the north-east. They eat small
animal carcass and fruit.

Behaviour/Mating:They are nocturnal animals. During the day time they stay in holes in the ground. If there are a lot of
them they can hunt for large animals such as deer, but most of the time they stay as a couple or alone as they don’t like
to stay in groups. Sometimes they snatch chickens from local areas. They are aggressive when in a dangerous situation.
They can reproduce after 2 years of age. They have a gestation period of 2 months and they produce 4 to 5 cubs per birth.
They live up to 12 years.

Current Status: They are a protected animal of the Thai wildlife Protection Animal Act in 1992.

Visiting Location: Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo and Korat Zoo.
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Siberian tiger
Science Name: Panthera Tigris Altaica

General Characteristics: They are one of the largest and brightest of their species. They are recorded as measuring 13 feet from
the end of their noses to the end of their tail and weigh about 360 kilograms. The fur on their neck; backs and under bellies is
fluffy and longer than other species because they live in cold areas.

Habitat/Food: They like to live in cold areas with snow everywhere. They are found in Siberia, North Korea, China and South-East
Russia in temperate woodland forests. They hunt mammals; they bite the back of their victims’ neck if they are a medium-small
mammal or bite the front of their throats if their victims are large such as deer, gaurs or cows. One tiger usually eats 25 to 35
kilograms each time and will stay full for around 4 to 6 days. Females and two cubs will hunt for an animal that weighs about 100
kilograms and will stay full for two days.

Behaviour/Mating:They are solitary animals but sometimes stay in small groups. During the mating season males do not look after
the cubs. They have a gestation period of 100 to 120 days and they produce about 1 to 3 cubs each time, on average 2 cubs.
They look after the cubs until they are 18 to 30 months old. The first meal for the newborn cubs is at 2 months old and they start
hunting by themselves when they are 18 to 20 months old.

Current Status: They are nearly extinct. There are about 250 tigers and they are only in zoos.

Visiting Location: Khao Kheow Open Zoo
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Bengal Tiger (Indian Tiger)
Science Name: Pantheras tigris

General Characteristics: Their bodies are a yellowish mixed with grey colour or yellowish mixed with brown. They have stripes on
their bodies but the fur under their bellies, necks, and chins is white. The areas above their eyes are white with black stripes. Also
their tails have black stripes from the base up until the end. The tips of their tails and behind their ears are black with white spots
which you can see very clearly.

Habitat/Food: They are found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Burma. They eat every animal, especially wild boar and dear.

Behaviour/Mating:They mark their territory by scratching the trees and urinating on them. Usually they only hunt for animals when
they are hungry and they don’t hunt larger animals than themselves because there is too much risk of being unsuccessful. They only
stay in couples during the mating season. They can reproduce after 30 to 36 months; they can reproduce all year round, staying on
heat each time for around 3 to 6 days. They have a gestation period of 95 to 105 days and they produce 2 to 5 cubs per birth. The
female will look after the cubs for 2 years when they will separate.

Current Status: The populations of Bengal tiger are in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and West of Burma. The estimate in 1993
is less than 4,500 tigers.

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo.
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White Tiger
Science Name: Panthera Tigris

General Characteristics: Their bodies are the same as normal Bengal tigers but they are white with dark brown stripes. They have blue eyes
and pink or white cream coloured noses. White tigers have abnormal genes which have less coloured blood cells than normal.

Habitat/Food: They are found in India. They are nearly extinct and very rare to see in the wild. The first White tiger was found in India and
taken to breed in other countries such as America. Nowadays there are 200 White Tigers. Most of them are in zoos. They like to eat small
animals and hunt at night.

Behaviour/Mating:They canmate after around 3 years of age. They are on heat on for about 3 to 6 days. They can reproduce after 30 to 36
months and can do so all year round. They have a gestation period of about 95 to 105 days and produce 2 to 5 cubs per birth. Their mother
will look after the cubs until they are around 2 years old when they will separate.

Current Status: In 1993 CITES declared White Tigers to be nearly extinct.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo and Korat Zoo.
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Lion
Science Name: Panthera leo

General Characteristics:Lions from Africa and Asia are the same. They don’t have any patterns on their bodies like tigers. Males have
a mane around their necks and look dignified but terrifying. Females do not have mane around their necks and the ends of their tails
have a tuft.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Africa and some in Asia such as West India. They eat meat, such as wild rabbits, pheasants, monkeys,
crocodiles, hedgehogs, deer and zebras. They also eat the corpses of other dead lions.

Behaviour/Mating:They like to stay in a group. The population of each group depends on the amount of food so if the area has a lot of
food and is large in size, the population will be large. Most of the time Lions rest and will hunt when they are hungry. Females do the
hunting. Males are not so good at hunting but they protect the food from the females so that the cubs can join in as well. Also males protect
their territory and group from other males from other groups. Lions hunt at night from dusk until midnight. After eating they drink water and
have a rest. When the sun rises they go back to their territories.They have a gestation period of around 100 days and they produce about 3
to 5 cubs. The cubs stay with their mother for about 3 to 6 years and they can live for around 30 to 40 years.

Current Status: The status of any kind of Asian lion is danger group one and African lions are group two. There are two more types,
the Barbary lion and the Cape lion but they are already extinct.

Visiting Location:Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo, Songkhla Zoo.
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Cheetah
Science Name: Acinonyx Jubatus

General Characteristics: They are known as “King cheetah” and are expected to have mutated from the original species.
They can’t retract their claws into their paws until they are 15 weeks old because at this time their skin grows too well.
After that the skin that covers them will disappear. They run the fastest over short distances because their palms are narrower
than other big cats. They can run up to 100 to 110 kilometres per hour over a half a kilometre, the same speed as their normal
middle sized prey such as antelope.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Africa or in countries which have large open fields but not in the tropical rain forests and the
middle of the Sahara desert. In the past you could find them anywhere in Africa but now just in some areas of Tanzania and
Namibia. In Asia they are found in Asia Minor, Turkestan and India. Nowadays they are thought to be extinct in India but can be
found around the Mediterranean, Kazakhstan and in the dry areas in Iran.

Behaviour/Mating: The main threats to Cheetah cubs are lions, leopards, hyenas and wolves. When looking after Cheetahs in
captivity males and females are separated and kept together only when they are breeding. After breeding they can still be kept
together for quite a long time but not as long as some animals. Sometimes males help the females to look after new born cubs
but in some cases the fathers and mothers eat their own cubs too.

Current Status:In group 1 from CITES and IUCN group. Cheetah is at risk of extinction (2007).

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo.
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Leopard (Panther)
Science Name: Panthera Pardus

Leopards and Black tigers are the second largest after Bengal tigers. Leopards are a light brown- yellow colour and have black
spots all over their bodies. The spots on the middle of their bodies are shaped like dog paws. The back of their ears are black
with white or pale spots, like the Bengal tiger. Leopards are exactly the same as the Black tigers, the only difference is that the
Black tiger is black.

Habitat/Food: They are found in Africa and Asia. In Asia they are found from Manju along down to Indochina, Thailand, Malaysia
and Java. In Thailand they are found in forests but are most likely to be seen in the southern forests. They like to eat any wild
animals they can hunt such a wild boars, deer, monkeys, peacocks, dogs and insects. Sometimes they eat crab and fish.

Behaviour/Mating:They live in all kinds of forests such as open forests, dense forests and rocky forests. They don’t like water but
handle very hot weather well and are very good at climbing trees, which is the opposite to Bengal tigers. Leopards and Black
tigers can reproduce all year round, the exact period is not known but they are on heat for about 3 to 14 days. They have a gestation
period 98 to 105 days and they produce 1 to 5 cubs per birth. They stop taking their mother’s milk after 6 weeks and can live for up to
20 years.

Current Status:They are a protected animal of Thailand under the Thai wildlife Protection Act 1992.

Visiting Location:Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Korat Zoo and Songkhla Zoo..